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Who Was APJ Abdul Kalam?

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A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was an Indian aerospace engineer and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India, in 1931 and studied aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.

Kalam began his career as a scientist and engineer at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) where he worked on the development of ballistic missiles. He was also a key figure in India's civilian space program and the development of the country's first satellite launch vehicle.

In the late 1990s, Kalam played a key role in India's nuclear weapons tests and later served as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India. He was also a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet.

In 2002, Kalam was elected as the President of India, becoming the first scientist and the second Muslim to hold the office. He was known for his focus on education and technology and was often referred to as the "Missile Man of India" for his work on the country's ballistic missile program.

After his presidential term, Kalam continued to work on education and public service. He wrote several books, including his autobiography "Wings of Fire" and was a popular speaker and advisor on science and technology. He passed away in 2015 due to cardiac arrest during a lecture at IIM Shillong.

Kalam is widely considered to be one of India's most accomplished scientists and a visionary leader, and continues to be an inspiration to many people in India.

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