Who Was Abraham Lincoln?
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Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Kentucky in 1809, and he grew up in poverty. He received very little formal education but was a self-taught lawyer. He began his political career in the 1830s and served in the Illinois state legislature and the United States House of Representatives. He ran for president in 1858, losing to Stephen Douglas but his speeches during the campaign made him a national figure.
In 1861, Lincoln was elected as the President of the United States and he inherited a country that was on the brink of civil war. The southern states, known as the Confederacy, had seceded from the Union, and Lincoln's main goal was to preserve the Union and keep the country from falling apart. He was successful in this goal, and after four years of brutal warfare, the Union emerged victorious in the Civil War in 1865.
One of Lincoln's most significant achievements as president was the Emancipation Proclamation, which he issued in 1863. This executive order declared that all slaves in the Confederate states "shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free." The Emancipation Proclamation did not actually free any slaves, but it did change the nature of the Civil War, making it a war to end slavery, which in turn helped to mobilize abolitionists and enslaved African Americans to the Union cause.
Another important achievement of Lincoln's presidency was the Gettysburg Address, a short speech he delivered at the dedication of a military cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in 1863. The speech, which lasted only a few minutes, is considered one of the greatest speeches in American history. In it, Lincoln reaffirmed the principles of human equality and government of the people, by the people, for the people.
After the Civil War, Lincoln focused on rebuilding the country and promoting unity between the North and South. He implemented a number of policies to aid in this process, including the creation of the Freedmen's Bureau, which helped to provide education, food, and medical care to newly freed slaves. He also supported the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which abolished slavery throughout the entire United States.
Unfortunately, Lincoln's presidency was cut short when he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, just a few weeks after the end of the Civil War. His death was a great loss to the country, and he is still remembered and honored today for his leadership during the Civil War and for his efforts to promote equality and freedom for all Americans.
In conclusion, Abraham Lincoln was a great leader and one of America's greatest heroes. He served as the 16th President of the United States and led the country through its most difficult period, the American Civil War. He preserved the Union, ended slavery, strengthened the federal government and modernized the economy. He is best remembered for the Emancipation Proclamation, the Gettysburg Address and his efforts to promote equality and freedom for all Americans. His legacy is still celebrated today and he is considered as one of the greatest US presidents.