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Who Was Babar?

Views: 7 | Updated On: | By Gajju Jangir

Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire in India and the first Mughal emperor. He was born in Fergana, present-day Uzbekistan in 1483 and died in Agra, India in 1530. He was a Chaghatai Turkic-Mongol prince, who claimed descent from both Genghis Khan and Timur, two of the most famous conquerors in history.

Babur's early life was marked by political turmoil and conflict. He was exiled from his kingdom in Fergana at a young age and spent much of his youth seeking to regain his throne. Eventually, he was able to establish himself as the ruler of the small kingdom of Kabul in present-day Afghanistan.

In 1526, Babur led his forces into India and defeated the Sultan of Delhi at the Battle of Panipat. This marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire in India, which would go on to become one of the most powerful and influential empires in the region for several centuries.

Babur was a skilled military commander, and his early conquests in India were marked by a number of brilliant military campaigns. He was also a patron of the arts and a poet, he wrote his memoirs in Chaghatai Turkic which is known as "Baburnama" and it is considered one of the greatest works of Turkic literature.

After his victory at Panipat, Babur established the Mughal capital in Agra and began to consolidate his power in North India. He also initiated a number of building projects, including the construction of the Humayun's Tomb in Delhi, which was the first of the great Mughal tombs and it is considered a masterpiece of Mughal architecture.

Babur's rule was also marked by religious tolerance, and he was known for his respect for the diverse religions and cultures of India. He was a Sunni Muslim, but he was also open to the ideas and practices of other religions and is said to have shown great respect for Hinduism and Buddhism.

Babur's reign was relatively short, as he died in 1530 at the age of 47. However, his legacy lived on through his descendants, including his son Humayun, who continued to expand the Mughal Empire, and his grandson Akbar, who is considered one of the greatest Mughal emperors.

In summary, Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire in India and the first Mughal emperor. He was a Chaghatai Turkic-Mongol prince, who claimed descent from both Genghis Khan and Timur. He was a skilled military commander, patron



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